By Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Faculty of Oriental Studies Geoffrey Khan

Being direct descendants of the Aramaic spoken via the Jews in antiquity, the nonetheless spoken Jewish Neo-Aramaic dialects of Kurdistan deserve distinctive and brilliant curiosity. Geoffrey Khan's A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic is a distinct checklist of 1 of those dialects, now at the verge of extinction. This quantity, the results of large fieldwork, incorporates a description of the dialect spoken by way of the Jews from the area of Arbel (Iraqi Kurdistan), including a transcription of recorded texts and a word list. The grammar involves sections on phonology, morphology and syntax, preceded via an introductory bankruptcy reading the placement of this dialect in terms of the opposite identified Neo-Aramaic dialects. The transcribed texts checklist folktales and money owed of customs, traditions and stories of the Jews of Kurdistan.

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Extra resources for A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic. The dialect of the Jews of Arbel

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Färaq [~a:'rrexl 'araq' (Y:76), taqr1b [t'rex'ri:b] 'serving (food)' (Y:48), biiqu [ba:'xu:] 'to them' (B:87), biqe{a [b~xe:'ta:] 'in summer' (B:65), Ia qabllwa ['Ire xreb'li:wa] 'they did not allow' (B:85). g. r·x~xwa] 'we finished' (B:75). g. daqdiqanwa [drel$d~'qrenwa] 'I used to chop up finely' (Y:120). Despite the overlap in some of the allophones of lql and lxl, the phonemic independence of the two, at least when not preceded by a vowel, is demonstrated by minimals pairs such as qeta 'summer' : xera 'she sews'.

Daqdiqanwa [drel$d~'qrenwa] 'I used to chop up finely' (Y:120). Despite the overlap in some of the allophones of lql and lxl, the phonemic independence of the two, at least when not preceded by a vowel, is demonstrated by minimals pairs such as qeta 'summer' : xera 'she sews'. The phonemic independence of /ql from lkl and lgl is shown by pairssuch as qepa 'she strikes' : kepa 'stone', qam 'before' : gam 'worry'. 8. t lhl [21, /f/ [r] 1/JI [J:l] m [h] I? I is normally a glottal stop. g. e < *mayye) the f is a fixed lexicalized feature.

In final position it is sometimes pronounced voiced when in contact with a voiced consonant: kef gollwa [k'e:v go:'li:wa] 'they had a good time' (Y:3), zarlt zar'if [zreri:v zreri:f] 'very well' (B:112). It has a phonemic status independent of lp/, as demonstrated by minimal pairs such as: kefox 'your pleasure' : kepox 'your stone'. Iw/ In most contexts this is a labio-velar [ w]. It is often realized differently, however, in the environment of the close front vowels Iei or Ii/. g. irwelu [2u'we:lu:] 'they grew up' (Y:6).

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