By Committee to Review the National Nanotechnology Initiative, National Research Council

The nationwide Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) used to be created in 2000 to concentration and coordinate the nanoscience and nanotechnology examine and improvement (R&D) actions being funded by means of numerous federal companies. the aim of the NNI is to marshal those examine actions with the intention to speed up liable improvement and deployment of nanotechnology for financial gain and nationwide safeguard. To take inventory of the development of the NNI, Congress, in P. L. 108-153, the twenty first Century Nanotechnology study and improvement Act, directed the nationwide study Council to hold out a evaluate of this system each 3 years. This record provides the result of the 1st of these experiences, which addresses the commercial influence of nanotechnology advancements and offers a benchmark of U.S. R&D efforts relative to these undertaken by way of overseas rivals. additionally, the file deals an overview of the present prestige of accountable improvement of nanotechnology and reviews at the feasibility of molecular self-assembly.

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December. gov/html/centers/­nnicenters. html, accessed March 2006; also, Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology Sub­committee, ­Committee on Technology, National Science and Technology Council, 2005, Research and Development Leading to a Revolution in Technology and Industry, Supplement to the President’s FY 2006 Budget Request, March. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 22 Department of Defense The research mission of MIT’s Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies is to use nanotechnology to improve the survival of soldiers.

The National Nanotechnology Initiative: Research and Development Leading to a Revolution in Technology and Industry. Supplement to the President’s FY 2006 Budget Request. March. (NIST), National Institutes of Health (NIH), and National Science Foundation (NSF). 05 billion. 277 billion. 7 The committee notes that there is nanotechnology research being performed by some agencies that is not reported in this total. 8 Funding for all other R&D Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

They are the Department of Agriculture (USDA), Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Department of Justice (DOJ), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), National Institute of Standards and Technology Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 5 0 0 0 234 Major Research Facilities and Instrumentation Acquisition Nanomaterials NSF DOD DOE HHS (NIH) DOC (NIST) NASA USDA EPA HHS (NIOSH) DOJ DHS TOTAL Fundamental Nanoscale Phenomena and Processes TABLE 1-1 2006 Planned Agency Investments by Program Component Area (in $ millions) 60 2 1 8 1 0 1 4 3 2 0 82 344 230 207 144 75 32 11 5 3 2 1 1,054 may not add due to rounding.

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