By Daniel Lieberman, Matthias Jonas, Zbigniew Nahorski, Sten Nilsson

Uncertainty research is a key part of nationwide greenhouse gases stock analyses. the problems which are raised by means of the authors during this quantity, and the function that uncertainty research performs in lots of in their arguments and/or proposals, spotlight the significance of such efforts. insurance comprises: bottom-up as opposed to top-down emission stock methods, compliance and verification concerns, and the position of uncertainty in emissions buying and selling schemes.

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Additional info for Accounting for Climate Change: Uncertainty in Greenhouse Gas Inventories - Verification, Compliance, and Trading

Sample text

Full carbon accounting may involve components that are strongly inversely correlated. , Nilsson et al. 2000). Moreover, the way boundaries are set between anthropogenic and natural sources can affect this uncertainty. , on biomass growth within a certain biome) is available with higher accuracy. This topic has been discussed in more detail by Nilsson et al. (2007). In a comparable way, the selection of system boundaries in emissions trading also affects the uncertainty involved. Monni et al. (2007) show that the choice of sources included in a trading system significantly influences uncertainties.

Although [27] 448 Water Air Soil Pollut: Focus (2007) 7:443–450 In a very similar way, applying the identical procedures for emission assessment in two different countries will allow methodological correlation (in emission factor assessment as much as in derivation of activity numbers) to take place. This possibly means a disadvantage in terms of the assessment of the level of emissions, as special national conditions cannot be fully accounted for. Still, the rigorous harmonization of input information for emission calculation will emphasize the statistical correlation of the inventories of any two countries.

More understanding regarding the uncertainty of national inventories can be brought in by new – possibly independent – studies, not by applying existing uncertainty denominators to yet another country. As long as no new input information regarding the uncertainties of the respective inventory input is provided, the assessment of country inventory uncertainties for additional countries will, for the most part, provide results that are similar to the uncertainty assessments that are currently available; or it will yet again show the contribution of subjective assumptions.

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