By Norman Cohen

This state-by-state selection of folksongs describes the background, society, tradition, and occasions attribute of all fifty states. not like all different kingdom folksong collections, this one doesn't specialise in songs amassed within the specific states, yet fairly on songs in regards to the existence and occasions of the folks of that nation. the themes diversity from the key ancient occasions, corresponding to the Boston Tea get together, the assault on citadel Sumter, and the California Gold Rush, to locally vital occasions resembling mess ups and murders, hard work difficulties, occupational songs, ethnic conflicts. a few of the songs might be widely known, corresponding to Casey Jones, Marching via Georgia, or candy Betsy from Pike. Others, much less frequent, haven't been reprinted in view that their unique ebook, yet need to be studied due to what they inform in regards to the humans of those usa, their loves, labors, and losses, and their responses to occasions. the gathering is prepared via areas, beginning with New England and finishing with the states bordering the Pacific Ocean, and through states inside of each one area. for every kingdom there are from 4 to 15 songs offered, with a typical of 10 songs according to kingdom. for every track, a whole textual content is reprented, by way of dialogue of the music in its ancient context. References to to be had recordings and different types are given. Folksongs, akin to these mentioned the following, are a major instrument for historians and cultural historians simply because they pattern studies of the prior at a distinct point from that of latest newspaper money owed and educational histories. those songs, in a feeling, are background writ small.Includes: Away Down East, The outdated Granite nation, Connecticut, The Virginian Maid's Lament, hold Me again to outdated Virginny, i am going again to North Carolina, close up in chilly Creek Mine, Ain't God stable to Iowa?, Dakota Land, expensive Prairie domestic, Cheyenne Boys, i am off for California, and others.

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18 Three-quarters of the typical antebellum workforce consisted of women, most of whom were 15–25 years of age and averaged three to four years of work in the mill before they returned home, married, or moved to other employment. Many of the women labored to help their economically challenged farming families; others sought to earn some spending money for themselves or to put aside money for a dowry. Probably a greater number worked to enable a brother or sweetheart to obtain a higher education.

After the Revolutionary War, English immigrant Samuel Slater established the first water-powered cotton spinning and carding mill in America in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, in 1790. ) Incentives to further development of a domestic textile industry were the British Embargo Act of 1807 and the War of 1812, both of which interrupted commerce between England or Europe and the new nation. In 1814 Bostonian Francis Cabot Lowell, having returned from England with the details of English mill machinery fixed in his photographic memory, established a mill at Waltham, just west of Boston, on the Charles River—the first to integrate all textile operations in a single building.

Rooming and boarding expenses were deducted from the employees’ weekly pay. These acts were not entirely altruistic because going wages for women were considerably less than men expected, so overhead costs could be reduced substantially. Also, owners anticipated that in case of serious illness, their workers would return to their New England homes and not become a burden on the corporation. Thanks to this vision, textiles soon became a major industry of the region. Whatever the corporations’ motives, the result was that in the early years, the women workers were young, bright, literate, and from sturdy New England stock, living under conditions that, if not the most conducive to good health, were certainly morally flawless.

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