By Suzanne J. Crawford O'Brien

This broad paintings is going past related surveys that attention simply on anthropology and historical past and explores the non secular practices, hobbies, associations, key figures, ceremonial structures, and spiritual accoutrements indigenous to North the United States, from the precontact period to the current. Taking a deep and proficient glance in particular on the spiritual and religious nature of local americans, the encyclopedia areas traditions inside their old and theoretical context, studying their relevance inside local spiritual lifestyles and perform in addition to in the educational learn of religion.

Topics coated contain key principles and matters, non secular and political leaders, basic ceremonies, mythic figures, and similar cultural topics, similar to basketry, whaling, farming, and bison looking, that have non secular importance for local peoples. individuals comprise famous students of yankee Indian non secular tradition, together with many that come from tribal traditions and will provide useful insights and observations from their own experience.

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Apaches likewise view their reliance on the seasonal cycles as indicative of their sacred responsibilities. Though the region known as the Southwest culture area appears to be a dauntingly complicated landscape to maintain long-term communities in, the tribal peoples therein have not only managed, but also thrived. In addition, due to the stark nature of the Southwest, and the isolated nature of many portions within it, these tribal cultures have a level of cultural continuity that belies the harshness of the land.

Great Basin Indians adopted their nomadic lifestyles in order to fully exploit wild food resources as they became available. Social organization for this type of resource management tends to be smaller than that of more settled groups, with the extended-family group being the primary source for identity. Leadership is provided through “headmen,” who are often capable and wise individuals who oversee the affairs of the family in trade negotiations and the like. Regular gatherings of these family groups, for practical purposes such as “rabbit Drives” (mass rabbit hunts requiring the labors of many), seasonal observations such as solstice and equinox continues Great Basin, (continued) ceremonies, or weddings often doubled as the group’s religious system, and the bands’ spiritual advisors would preside over general rites of propitiation and thanksgiving.

Uto-Aztecan speakers included the Hopi of Arizona and the Tohono O’Odham (Papago) and Akimel O'Odham (Pima) of Arizona and northern Mexico. Some Pueblo peoples, including the Tewa, Tiwa, and Towa in modern-day New Mexico, speak dialects of Kiowa-Tanoan, a language family related to Uto-Aztecan. The Cocopah, continues Southwest (continued) Havasupai, Hualapai, Maricopa, Mojave, Yavapai, Yuma (Quechan), and other neighboring peoples in Arizona speak Yuman. The Apache and Navajo (Diné) of New Mexico and Arizona and the southern fringe of Colorado and Utah speak Athapaskan languages.

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