By Allan J. Clarke

Many scientists both engaged on the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) challenge or its many purposes haven't been informed in either the equatorial ocean and atmospheric dynamics essential to realize it. This ebook seeks to beat this hassle via supplying a step-by-step creation to ENSO, supporting the higher point graduate pupil or study scientist to profit quick the ENSO fundamentals and be modern with the newest ENSO study. The textual content assumes that the reader has an information of the equations of fluid mechanics on a rotating earth and emphasizes the observations and easy actual factors of them.

Following a background of ENSO and a dialogue of ENSO observations in Chapters 1 and a pair of, Chapters 3-5 ponder proper equatorial ocean dynamics, Chapters 6 and nine appropriate atmospheric dynamics, and Chapters 7 and eight the most paradigms for the way the Pacific Ocean and surroundings couple jointly to supply ENSO. bankruptcy eight additionally discusses the previous secret of why ENSO has a tendency to be locked in part with the seasonal cycle. winning dynamical and statistical techniques to ENSO prediction are mentioned in Chapters 10 and eleven whereas bankruptcy 12 concludes the e-book with examples of ways ENSO affects marine and fowl life.

  • Quick reference advisor and step-by-step advent to El Niño/Southern Oscillation dynamics
  • Keep educated and recent on El Niño/Southern Oscillation study and the way El Niño and the Southern Oscillation may be predicted
  • Understand how El Niño can impact marine and fowl life

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Extra resources for An introduction to the dynamics of El Niño and the southern oscillation

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Walker, G. , 1924: Correlation in seasonal variations in weather, IX. A further study of world-weather. Mem. Indian Meteorol. Dep. 24, 275–332. Walker, G. , and E. W. Bliss, 1932: World weather V. Mem. R. Meteorol. , 4, 53–84. Walker, G. , and E. W. Bliss, 1937: World weather VI. Mem. R. Meteorol. , 4, 119–139. Webster, P. , 1995: The annual cycle and the predictability of the tropical coupled ocean–atmosphere system. Meteorol. Atmos. , 56, 33–55. Webster, P. , and S. Yang, 1992: Monsoon and ENSO: Selectively interactive systems.

M. Wallace, 1981: Planetary-scale atmospheric phenomena associated with the Southern Oscillation. Mon. , 109, 813–829. Kessler, W. , 1990: Observations of long Rossby waves in the northern tropical Pacific. J. Geophys. , 95, 5183–5217. McPhaden, M. , and J. Picaut, 1990: El Niño-Southern Oscillation displacement of the western equatorial Pacific warm pool. Science, 250, 1385–1388. , and T. Delcroix, 1995: Equatorial wave sequence associated with warm pool displacements during the 1986–1989 El Niño-La Niña.

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