By Guozhong Cao, C. Jeffrey Brinker

The 1st quantity in a thrilling new sequence, "Annual assessment of Nano Research", this ambitious selection of assessment articles sees well known individuals from 8 varied international locations take on the newest advances in nanofabrication, nanomaterials and nanostructures. The huge insurance of issues in nanotechnology and nanoscience additionally features a designated concentrate on the new subject of biomedical functions of nanomaterials. the $64000 names contributing to the amount contain: M R Bockstaller (USA), L Duclaux (France), S Forster (Germany), W Fritzsche (Germany), L Jiang (China), C Lopez (Spain), W J Parak (Germany), B Samori (Italy), U S Schubert (The Netherlands), S Shinkai (Japan), A Stein (USA), S M Hou (China), and Y N Xia (USA). the quantity serves either as a convenient reference for specialists lively within the box and as a very good creation to scientists whose services lies somewhere else yet who're drawn to studying approximately this state-of-the-art examine zone.

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This is potentially useful for solar energy conversion and other applications. Even though this is theoretically possible and there is preliminary supporting experimental evidence, it is unclear what the probability or efficiency is in practice. Given that electronic relaxation is typically very fast (less than 100 fs), this multiexciton generation process with one photon is likely to be inefficient or has a very small cross section unless the energy levels involved can be carefully and intelligently designed to enhance the process.

If the observed peak is from Raman scattering, it will shift by the same amount in frequency as the change in excitation wavelength, while there will be no shift if the emission is due to true PL. Another potential artifact is high order Rayleigh scattering that occur at multiples of the excitation wavelength, λ. g. 400 nm, 800 nm and 1200 nm corresponding to k=1,2, and 3 respectively, if the spectrometer scans cover these regions. Such apparent peaks do not correspond to real light at these wavelengths but are simply a grating effect from the 400 nm Rayleigh scattering.

The order or alignment of the 1-D structures should further improve their performance. Fabrication of well-ordered 1-D nanostructure arrays usually requires more sophisticated fabrication or synthesis techniques such as glancing angle deposition (GLAD) [240, 241]. Figure 10 shows an example of an idealized solar cell structure based on 1-D nanostructures. Related to solar energy conversion directly into electricity is photocatalysis and photoelectrochemistry (PEC) that converts solar energy into chemical fuels such as hydrogen.

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