By John B. Wolf

Traditionally, terrorist bands working in rural or city parts use vio­ lence to forged themselves as a sound political strength. Necklacing, plac­ ing an oil-soaked tire round the neck of an informer after which igniting it, and knee-capping, positioning a handgun at the back of the kneecap of a "tout" (a police informer) after which squeezing the set off, are one of the enforcement tools utilized by clandestine teams to manage "revo­ lutionary justice." Necklacing is utilized by the African nationwide Con­ gress (A.N.C.). Knee-capping is a standard Irish Republican military (I. R. A.) tactic. Governments often lend credibility to the terrorists' declare of legitimacy via now not enforcing measures meant to extirpate them. often, democratic societies worry that inflexible regulate measures pose a risk to civil liberties. Reluctant to maneuver, a democracy is frequently ham­ strung through terrorists bent on manipulating its values. A media crusade, meant to mobilize public opinion opposed to the terrorists and garner mass help for the govt and its keep watch over measures, is the linchpin of any antiterrorist crusade. Centralized intelligence-gathering is one other crucial part. Terrorism, while it turns into a customary crusade of bombings and different atrocities, isn't any longer an issue for simply the police and the military. the total society is affected. for instance, all teams comprising the multi ethnic popu- vii viii PREFACE tion of Sri Lanka and South Africa are shortly uncovered to the fear­ ist threat.

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B. I. STATE-DIRECTED TERRORIST SQUADS 29 agents to look for assassination lists and links between the students and the Libyan government. " The magistrate waived a hearing and agreed to extradition to New York to have one of the Libyans face charges of buying three pistols equipped with silencers. The court fixed a high bail, citing a sealed affidavit filed by the United States government. IS The Libyan threat to the internal security of the United States has continued. In November 1987, seven members of the El Rukn's, a notorious street gang, were convicted of conspiracy by a federal jury in Chicago.

Linked? The F. I. A. N. I. N. 36 Some members of Los Macheteros, a Puerto Rican-based group, were trained in Cuba. The field operations of this group resemble guerrilla maneuvers in Central America. In 1979, its ambush of a United States Navy bus near Sebana Seca, 10 miles west of San Juan, and its bombing in 1981 of two dozen military aircraft at a Puerto Rican Airport were tactically precise. Skeptics continue to emphasize that Communist influence on American terrorists takes place solely in the realm of ideas-political orientation.

More than 10,000 Iranian students were, at this time, enrolled in American universities. Furthermore, Iranian-sponsored STATE-DIRECTED TERRORIST SQUADS 33 hit teams were active and experienced, and were trained to fire bullets into the heads of their targets. 25 In December 1980, the government of Bahrain, an archipelago off the coast of Saudi Arabia, uncovered a plot involving 73 members of a group known as the Islamic Front for the Liberation of Bahrain. Sixty of the terrorists were Shiites, members of the dominant Iranian Muslim sect.

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