By Kuo-Nan Liou, Zhou Xiuji
A choice of paperbounds offered on the Beijing overseas Radiation Symposium. The Symposium supplied a discussion board for clinical exchanges between scientists in China and out of the country within the fields of atmospheric radiation, distant sensing, and weather functions. The shows and discussions on the Symposium involved in the demanding situations and customers for atmospheric radiation with regards to distant sensing, climate prediction and weather reviews.
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Additional resources for Atmospheric Radiation: Progress and Prospects Proceedings of the Beijing International Radiation Symposium Beijing, China, August 26–30, 1986
For this purpose, it is necessary to first calculate the surface radiation balance over the plateau and its surrounding areas and then study the characteristics of its temporal and spatial variations. We set up four Heat Source Observing stations (HSOS) at Gerze, N agqu, Lhasa and Garze during the experimental period. At each station we directly measured the components of the surface radiation balance. In order to establish the empirical formulas for calculating each component of the surface radiation balance, the obser· vational data of the global radiation and albedo from 18 pyranometer stations were used along with observations of radiation balance components from 4 heat source observation stations.
These data sets can only be obtained if global observations are designed and developped to include a comprehensive set of measurements from satellite-borne sensors. The observations from space are essential for the study of the earth, since such measurements are the only way that a global and synoptic view can be obtained. The nature of the measurements impose specific requirements on the observational programs with regard to breadth of geographical coverage, length of observation interval, and simultaneity with other measurements.
Thus, with detailed radiative transfer calculations for water clouds, such relations for the reflectance in the spectral region of the GMS solar channel, P1 and the transmittance T"e for the total (diffuse and direct ) solar radiation have been developed: (1) Their dependence on the sun's zenith angle, cloud elevation and fractional cover are taken into account, while the bidirectional dependence of P1 is neglected except over sun-glint areas on the water surface. T"e can be directly related to an effective fractional cover within the field of view, assuming isotropy of upward radiances at complete overcast, Lx, and clear, Lm, conditions at each area.